Cataract is the lead cause of preventable blindness in the world. The advent of artificial intra ocular lens (IOL) and use of ultrasound (Phaco-emulsification) have made cataract surgery very rewarding. As an experienced cataract surgeon I offer monofocal as well as multifocal and toric IOLs. Please ask for details.

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Monet Water lily: Claude Monet the French founder of impressionism, suffered from cataract. Famously, a water pond in his garden has inspired him. The pond and the water lilies were subject of multiple paintings over the years. Research has shown that as Monet's cataracts progressed whilst his paintings became more blurred and the colours varied, creating dark, muddy shades.


There are many causes for mis-alignment of the two eyes. Whether it is the double vision that bothers a person, or the eye alignment is simply cosmetically bothering you, there are solutions that can be explored. These range from applying prisms to your glasses, to Botox injection or eye muscle surgery. Please ask for details.

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Picasso, Femme au Corsage a Pois 1947: Stereopsis is the ability to have depth perception and is important for an artist, but new studies have shown that possibly many great artists did not have depth perception. Pablo Picasso is one of them. The absence of stereopsis gave this artist another dimension to his genius, allowed him to use other clues such as shade and corners to give the viewer the sense of depth in a painting.


Glaucoma is a very slow creeping disease and consists of different types. The damage is to the optic nerves and peripheral field of vision can permanently become strict. Fortunately, if it is picked up quickly, glaucoma damage can be aborted or postponed. There are solutions including various eye drops, laser procedures and surgical options. Please ask for details.

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Vincent Van Gogh, Starry night: This is one of the most replicated prints in the world. It is believed that Van Gogh suffered from a form of glaucoma known as narrow angle glaucoma. Sufferers can see hallows around light and illuminating objects.

Paediatric ophthalmology

Vision is very important for a child's development and the eye sight forms soon after birth and completes its formation around the age of seven. Therefore any misalignment of the two eyes or problems with vision that is not corrected before this age can result in permanent lazy eye or amblyopia. There are nationwide screening programmes whereby if a child fails to pass would warrant ophthalmological assessment. Please ask for details.


While tear film is fundamental to the health of eyes, excessive watering can be troublesome. There are medical and surgical solutions for this condition that can be explored. Please ask for details.

Age related macular degeneration (AMD)

This is the most common cause of blind registration in the industrialised countries such as the UK. There are two types, one is dry and the other is wet AMD. If you, your Optician or your GP are concerned about recent episode of reduced vision, it is perfectly advisable to be seen by an Ophthalmologist and have your macula, which is the centre of the vision, tested. The test will include two-dimensional and three-dimensional assessment of the macula. There are treatment modalities especially for the wet AMD, including laser and injections inside the eye.

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Degas, Ballet dancers: This creative artist suffered from a form of progressive macular degeneration. Degas central vision began to deteriorate. Therefore he used his imagination or sometimes avoided depicting very central and fine details in his paintings.


The cornea is the most delicate part of the eye, also described as the window of the eye. Light enters the eye through this thin window. It can therefore be affected by different abnormalities. One of the most common problems with cornea is dryness of the eyes. Patients are usually very symptomatic and these symptoms can improve with the use of artificial tears or insertion of puntum plugs. Please ask for details.

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Paul Cezanne, Still life with fruits: This famous artist was reported to be myopic or short sighted and although glasses were available to correct his refractive error, he preferred to draw his paintings without his spectacles and the results are unique to him.